Beyond Black History Month Event Speakers & Suggestions  Links for Teachers & Kids Books and Shopping History of Blacks BEFORE Slavery Black History Month 2004


US historian, editor. He opened and popularized the long-neglected field of black studies to scholars and also popularized; wrote "The African Background Outlined," 1936.


2006 Black History Month Theme 


Celebrating Community: A Tribute to Black Fraternal,
Social and Civic Institutions


(the 100th Anniversary of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Founding)

(and the 110th Anniversary of the National Association of Colored Women)

What happens when a people is without institutions to articulate its
concerns, preserve its heritage, or make manifest its desires?  It is vanquished,
made into an oppressed caste, or is assimilated into the majority culture--losing
its distinctiveness, diminishing its voice, and dissipating its ranks.  Fortunately,
African Americans have not met this fate.  ASALH has chosen to devote the 2006
National Black History Theme to exploring the impact that Black fraternal, social,
and civic organizations have had on the evolution of African American life and
history.  This year marks the 100th anniversary of the founding of the first
continuous, collegiate black Greek letter fraternity, Alpha Phi Alpha.  Established
in an age when racial segregation and disenfranchisement plagued African
Americans, the rise of each of the black fraternities and sororities that make up
the "Divine Nine" bore witness to the fact that despite hardships African
Americans refused to assent to a status of inferiority.  Serving more than just
their immediate members, the "Divine Nine" joined with the National Association
of Colored Women's Clubs, the Prince Hall Masons, and Eastern Stars, the Urban
League, and other civic organizations to provide service to the entire black
community.  As the twentieth century progressed, black social organizations like
the Links and Jack and Jill rose to reflect the middle class aspirations of many
African Americans, and more recently civic groups such as the Rainbow/PUSH
Coalition and 100 Black Men have emerged to address the community's social,
economic, and political challenges.

Most American recognize the centrality of African American religious institutions
in the formation of community.  In contrast, too little attention has been paid to
the full spectrum of black organizations.  While the Black Church has served as a
rock in a weary land, African American fraternal, social, and civic organizations
have also aided the community in its efforts to draw sweet honey from the rock of
the their American experience.


At the call of Mrs. Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin, the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs, (NACWC) was organized in Washington, DC on July 21, 1896  by the merger of National Federation of Afro-American Women, the Women's Era Club of Boston, and Colored Women's League of Washington, DC.  The NACWC  is the oldest African American secular organization in existence today.

The objectives of the NACWC are as follows:

1.  To promote the education of women and children,
2.  To raise the standards of the home,
3.  To improve conditions for family living,
4.  To work for the moral, economic, social, and religious welfare of women and children,
5.  To protect the rights of women and children,
6.  To secure and enforce civil and political rights for the African American race, and
7.  To promote interracial understanding so that justice may prevail among all people.

[The] National Association of Colored Women's Clubs is a great fellowship of women united for service to lift the standards of the home and extending their service to help make better communities.  The activities and contributions  of the club women help to improve the quality of the life for all people, especially those in the African American community.

Carter G. Woodson

ASALH (Association for the Study of African American Life and History)

ASALH was founded by Carter G. Woodson on September 9, 1915.  Carter G. Woodson at that time established Black History Week. Learn more about the Father of Black History Month:,

Black History Month Themes: 2002-2010  (Resource ASALH)

  • 2002
The Color Line Revisited: Is Racism Dead?
  • 2003
The Souls of Black Folk:  Centennial Reflections
  • 2004
Brown v. Board of Education (50th Anniversary)
  • 2005
The African Diaspora
  • 2006
Fraternal, Social and Civic Organizations (100th Anniversary of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Founding) (110th Anniversary of the National Association of Colored Women -NACW)
  • 2007
From Slavery to Freedom (60th Anniversary)
  • 2008
The Mis-Education of the Negro (75th Anniversary)
  • 2009
Blacks and Technology
  • 2010
Historically Black Colleges

Black History Calendar (Black History Every Month!)


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