The first Spingarn Medal, presented annually by the NAACP for outstanding achievement by a Black American, was awarded on February 12, 1915 to biologist Ernest E. Just, head of the Department of Physiology, Howard University,
for pioneering research on fertilization and cell division.
The first Black awarded the Nobel Peace Prize was Ralph J. Bunche, who was honored on September 22, 1950, for his successful mediation of the Palestine conflict.
The youngest person awarded the Nobel Peace Prize was Martin Luther King Jr., who was honored on December 10, 1964, in his 35th year.
The first Black to receive a Pultizer Prize was Gwendolyn Brooks, who was cited on May 1, 1950, for her book of poetry, Annie Allen.
The first Black male to receive a Pulitzer Prize was Moneta J. Sleet Jr. of Ebony Magazine who was honored in 1969 for photographs of Mrs. Coretta Scott King and her daughter at the funeral of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
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