The first Black poet was Jupiter Hammon, a New York slave who wrote An Evening Thought: Salvation By Christ with Penetential Cries, published December 25, 1760.
The first author and the first major Black poet was Phillis Wheatley, whose book, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, was published in 1773. This was the second book published by an American woman.
The first Black novelist was William Wells Brown, who wrote Clotel: or, the President's Daughter, published in 1853.
The first Black playwright was William Wells Brown, whose play, teh Escape, was published in 1858.
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